Main techniques dating hominids
Topics covered will include social, mating, and breeding systems; sexual selection; parenting behaviour; ecological competition; intra-specific aggression; social intelligence (particularly deception and "language") and technological intelligence (tool use); animal rights. In addition, students can familiarize themselves with current issues of "Journal of Human Evolution" and "American Journal of Physical Anthropology".2.5. Topics of Masters dissertations from previous years (selected titles since 1996; per year, about 10 dissertations are submitted) - The Neanderthal and Homo erectus pelvis in human evolution - A quantitative analysis of gibbon behavioural ecology - The evolution of the mammalian sex chromosome heteromorphism - An evolutionary analysis of tool using behaviour: a computer simulation of the behaviours of complex life - Primate lifespan, mortality risk and the disposable soma theory of senescence - Playing safe: agonistic interactions and risk-management tactics of oestrous female rhesus macaques - Hominid palaeodemography: the Neanderthals - Human, ape and fossil hominid growth and development - The significance of eye orbits in human evolution - The significance of dental roots - One foot in the past: an investigation into the degree of halux abduction of the OH 8 foot - Tools, hands and interpretations: a pilot study analysing the hand grips utilised by chimpanzees, whilst manipulating tools - Encephalisation and the origins of human food processing: food for thought - Grandmothering in evolutionary perspective: a dynamic model of population growth - A morphometric assessment of the Olduvai hominid 48 clavicle - A craniometric study of fossil calvaria from the Sima de los Huesons, Atapuerca - Calculating species numbers in extinct hominoidea - The expensive tissue hypothesis: the relationship between basal metabolic rate and organ mass - Primates and the bush meat crisis- does exploitation necessarily mean extinction?
In reality, this is almost always achieved, as students often originate from various programmes. It provides an anatomical background to the dentition, as well as the histology of dental tissues, morphological variation, changes with age and development, and dental pathology, dealing specifically with the remains of Late Pleistocene and Holocene hominids, concentrating on anatomically modern humans, but including Neanderthals. Fossil evidence for tool behaviour in the Plio-Pleistocene hominids.
About 200 species including humans belong to this mammalian order. Areas covered: theoretical approaches to the study of behavioural and evolutionary ecology (such as kin selection, the comparative method and optimality), social evolution (altruism, social living, life history theory, reproductive strategies). The topics covered change each year to reflect current discoveries and/or the application of new lines of analysis. Another member of staff with knowledge in the topic will act as second supervisor.The social behaviour of primates is particularly complex and can be viewed as to reflect attempts to maximize genetic fitness. By the end of this course, students would expect to have a good understanding of the current research in the field of human evolution. Two copies to be submitted not later than 14 September.The course asks how primates organize their social and reproductive strategies to adapt to specific environmental conditions. Suggested readings: The first-term component "Palaeoanthropology" prepares students for this advanced option. Neanderthal DNA sequences and the origins of modern humans. One electronic copy must be submitted via Moodle (see section on Electronic Coursework Submission).5.1. Statistics and Postgraduate Methods (term 1) (Note: This component is currently undergoing some re-organisation) - Lecture in Statistics (1hr) and practical lab (2hrs) throughout term - Practical lab every other week to cover a range of specific methods (cladistics, morphometrics, behavioural observations, etc.)Organiser: Dr. Matt Skinner Aims (a) Introduction to uni- and multivariate statistics (b) To learn some of the basic methods and techniques used by biological anthropologists in designing and developing research projects and in collecting and analysing data. It is advisable that you "audit" the first session of any given option, to better understand whether or not the module suits your interests.)3.1.